The story to date: The Padma awards have been introduced on January 25, and former West Bengal Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee refused the award. His refusal delivered to the fore the query below what circumstances a recipient can decline the award. The awards are at all times introduced a day earlier than the Republic Day celebrations. The awards are given away by the President at ceremonial capabilities held at Rashtrapati Bhavan often within the months of March-April yearly. The capabilities for the 2020 and 2021 awardees have been held collectively final November due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This 12 months the President accredited the conferment of 128 Padma Awards.
What are the Padma awards?
After Bharat Ratna, Padma awards are the second highest civilian awards within the nation and are given in three classes. It recognises achievements in public service within the subject of artwork, social work, public affairs, science and engineering, commerce and trade, medication, literature and training, sport and civil providers, amongst others. The awards, initially often known as Padma Vibhushan after which categorised as Pahela Varg, Dusra Varg and Tisra Varg, have been first constituted in 1954. They have been later renamed as Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri in 1955. The Padma Vibhushan is given for distinctive and distinguished service, whereas the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri are for distinguished service of a excessive order and distinguished service respectively.
Who decides the awards?
The awards are conferred on the suggestions made by the Padma Awards Committee constituted by the Prime Minister yearly. It’s headed by the Cupboard Secretary and consists of the Union House Secretary, the Secretary to the President and 4 to 6 eminent individuals as members. Nonetheless, the names of the eminent members of the committee usually are not revealed. Even the names nominated and shortlisted by the committee are revealed after the awards have been introduced. Even self-nomination might be made to the committee. The suggestions of the committee are submitted to the Prime Minister and the ultimate listing is signed by the President earlier than it’s notified within the Gazette of India.
Can a recipient decline the award?
The principles are silent on this. The conference is that the House Secretary calls up every awardee and informs them of the civilian honour on January 25. The person has the choice of declining the award then, following which the identify is faraway from the listing earlier than it’s despatched to the President for approval.
For instance, eminent artistes, percussionist Pandit Anindya Chatterjee and vocalist Sandhya Mukhopadhyay turned down the awards once they acquired the decision this 12 months and their names weren’t inserted within the last listing. Within the case of Mr. Bhattacharjee, the decision was acquired by his spouse as he’s ailing. A House Ministry official stated she was knowledgeable of the conferment of the Padma Bhushan on the previous West Bengal Chief Minister. “If he needed to decline the award, they may have known as again and stated so, the identify would have been eliminated,” stated the official. The official stated there isn’t a such rule to refuse the award as soon as it has been introduced. “I do know nothing about this award. Nobody has informed me something about it. If they’ve determined to supply the Padma Bhushan to me, I refuse to just accept it,” stated an announcement issued by Mr. Bhattacharjee on January 25 after the awards have been introduced within the night.
Is there a precedent?
In 1992, former common secretary of the CPI(M) E.M.S. Namboodiripad had declined the award. The get together stated in an announcement final week, “The CPI(M) coverage has been constant in declining such awards from the state. Our work is for the individuals, not for awards.” P.N. Haksar, principal secretary to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, was provided the Padma Vibhushan days after he retired in January 1973. He wrote to the then House Secretary Govind Narain, “I’ve an issue in accepting the award. All these years, I’ve usually stated to myself that one ought to work in order that one can stay with oneself with out remorse.” Swami Ranganathananda of the Ramakrishna Mission refused the award in 2000 because it was given to him as a person and to not the Ramakrishna Mission. Historian Romila Thapar has declined the award twice.
What does the award entail?
On the ceremonial perform held on the President’s Home in Delhi, the recipients are introduced a ‘Sanad’ (certificates) signed by the President and a medallion. A small reproduction of the medallion can be given to them which might be worn throughout any ceremonial or State perform. The award doesn’t quantity to a title and can’t be used as a suffix or prefix to the awardees’ identify.